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How Non-Kinetic Exercise Science Maximizes Swimming Pool Based Exercise 

This page is a very basic example of how we combine engineering principles to design both Non-kinetic devices and methods.   Do to intellectual property issues, we will only

discuss the efficiency maximizing properties of the Non-kinetic (and what we call Hybrid Kinetic) exercise methods that we first exposed almost a decade ago.   Theses

properties are only ideal for designing swimming pool based exercise from scratch, these are not the properties we use to design most Non-Kinetic devices.

This is much like loading weight on a TV tower to force its cables to work harder to hold it up

In 2002, after pondering a cable supported TV tower on a very windy day, Craig Wise realized the 3 basic principles for fully exerting muscular systems in water, without using Non-Kinetic devices.  The properties below allow exercise forces to be carried through our muscular systems, instead of through our skeletons, as happens with every other physical exercise method, wet or dry. 

Muscular systems still have parts that are weaker than large muscles (small muscles, tendons, ligaments, etc.) in-between the effort and resistance forces, so targeted muscles cannot be strengthened to their total potential for strengthening this way (weaker muscular parts will still fail first). Total maximizing muscle strength requires devices (machines or appliances) that deliver the external motion resistance to the body already pulling away from targeted muscles contractions. 

However, by only allowing the weakest muscular system parts to be overworked, these Non-kinetic pool based exercise methods confine the exercise damage in average and elderly bodies to only parts that still do rapidly heal to bigger stronger states.  

To accomplish this, these 3 properties must be simultaneously combined in water, allowing immensely deeper, farther and painless large muscle exertion than swimming or water aerobics can physically approach.   This allows elderly and motion hindered people to actually build far more new strength and cardio stamina than is possible with traditional water workouts.  And do so painlessly, and in less than half of the time that millions of aging adults currently spend just trying to maintain the strength they have by using traditional water exercises. 

Read Wise's eBook from Amazon; Non-kinetic Workouts for Swimming Pools   (Pool only no devices)

  Kinetic                                         Non-Kinetic

Kinetic exercise load skeletons 
parallel to bones (and spine),  which forces muscles too work harder to move them
Pool based Non-Kinetics use crossing resistance force to only hard work muscles
  A strong enough wind can work the tower's cables so hard they will break before 
compressing or stressing the tower 

Frame (Skeleton) Crossing force Loading


Your muscles not only operate your skeleton, they support it much like cables support many TV towers. Without muscles or cables supporting your skeleton or the tower, neither could stand.  Because air and water dynamics are nearly identical, this air based principle observation became the foundation for designing water based non-kinetic exercise methods.


The strong wind pushes compression force horizontally against the frame, however, because this force is moving across the tower, instead of vertically (up or down ) from one section to the next, frame sections are not jammed into each other (compressed).  

Instead of shoving frame parts together, this crossing compressing energy converts into tension energy pulling on the support cables instead. This crossing compression principle is the foundation for allowing muscles to be very deeply exerted in water without also having the effort and resistance forces fighting through joints and spinal disks.  

Traditional kinetic chain exercises, including swimming and water aerobics, work by jamming bones together, or pulling them apart, so the joints and disks in between become much harder for for muscles to move.  This is much the same as loading weight on top of the cable supported tower, to force its cables work harder when the tower sways.

Like the cables on the TV tower, aging muscular systems (full groups) can be exerted to what their weakest part can handle (first breaking point) painlessly because no bones or vertebrae are being smashed together or pulled apart.

When the exercise forces move across the extremities and spine, they do not jam skeletal parts together (no force wasted on smashing joints/disks), and almost every gram of this external motion resistance force ends up opposing only muscle contraction, just like the cables during intense wind. For aging adults this makes stout exercise entirely beneficial, (won't wear them out) by removing almost all stress (work) on all of their non-static skeletal parts.


By adding a few other properties as explained below, Wise began designing very deep muscle exertion pool based workouts that will allow most elderly and mobility limited adults to exert their largest muscles immensely harder and farther than they can at any other time, doing anything else, beside using a Non-kinetic device.

Wise’s Body Oars are also for water, but instead of using isometric tension against crossing force, they use principles Wise borrowed from exoskeleton creatures,  to instead get around all weaker skeletal or muscular links, still for water.

Next these cables or your muscles could not be deeply worked if the frames are stiff (static). Next:


Static Stability

Imagine rowing a boat with oars that just bend and then give in when you row.  You should not have much trouble doing the motion, but you will not get to exert very deeply, nor will you get very far. 

Traditional water workout methods have so many simultaneous motions that they release most resistance. 

Thirdly, Foundational Stability must still be added before muscular weak links can be fully exerted:

You still need a rowboat to stabilize yourself to fully apply boat oars, just as the static tower also needs a very strong foundation to stand on. 


Additional unnecessary or unsupported body motions in water (like a bending oar) allow resistance energy to escape the body without opposing muscle contractions, or fighting along the kinetic chains.


The absence of either stability property, as well as the applying or hands and feet to work large core muscles, causes traditional swimming and water aerobics to be about as effective as doing push-ups on top of a mountain of feather pillows.  


Push-ups allow far higher exertion on solid ground because other motions are not releasing energy. Virtually any new muscle building exercise needs static (unyielding) stability, for maximized effectiveness (prevent exercise energy from just escaping).   

High to full exertion is not possible without stability because other things give in (move) first, allowing some to most of the external motion resistance energy to escape the body before opposing (fighting) contractions.  

Because both swimming and water aerobics have so many other motions they both release most resistance energy without fighting it. 

By combining these three properties, Non-kinetics in water (without devices) changes the loaded weak links from being the non-static skeletal parts (joints and disks) to the muscles and ligaments that normally control these parts. This allows muscular strength to build far beyond skeletal weaknesses because only the weakest links of our muscular systems can be overworked.  

Not only does greatly increasing exertion resistance allow elderly people to virtually body build in water (build new muscle), beut because these 3 properties combined avoid compressing joints and spinal disks, they are not damaged, and thus need no recovery time between sessions.


This means that the joint and disk damaging problem with using traditional exercises hard and often enough to build and maintain powerful fitness, at any age over 23, is eliminated.  

However, because there are still weak (muscular) links in-between the effort and resistance forces (while using Non-kinetic water exercises), Non-kinetic equipment is still needed before large muscle strength can be maximized (allow adult strength to reach its full potential).


Devices or appliances are needed to bypass all natural or unfortunate human weaknesses (muscular or skeletal) in-between the targeted muscles and the entry points of the external motion resistance force, for reaching full muscle strengthening potential. 

If interested, here is some of what our Bio Force Mapping reveals about Water Aerobics and Swimming:

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